THE HISTORY OF
21-Year-Old White Men
Only some 21-year-old white men gain the right to vote — property and religious requirements. (NJ, CT & PA free black men to vote)
All White Men
All white men gain the right to vote — no property and religious requirements.
15TH AMENDMENT: BLACK MEN
All men regardless of race gain the right to vote. Some restrictions were applied to deter black voters such as poll taxes, literacy tests and grandfather clauses.
19th Amendment: Women
Women gain the right to vote.
Native Americans gain the right to citizenship and vote.
Repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Acts
Chinese American citizens gain the right to vote.
23rd Amendment: The District of Columbia
DC citizens gain the right to vote for the President and Vice President.
Voting Rights Act
Outlawed voting barriers set on racial and ethnic minorities, such as literacy tests, discriminatory districting and registration practices.
26th Amendment: Voting Age
Lowered the official voting age in the United States from 21 to 18 years old.
Amendment to the Voting Rights Act
Provided voting assistance to blind, disabled or illiterate eligible voters.
Voting Rights Act renewed
Voting Rights Act renewed for an additional 25 years by Congress.
State Voting Restrictions
A number of voting restrictions were passed and/or introduced in state legislatures nationwide, such as voter ID laws, cuts to early voting and restrictions to voter registration. (State requiring federal approval: NH, NY, VA, NC, SC, GA, FL, AL, MI, LA, TX, AZ, SD, CA & AK)
Shelby County v. Holder
Gutted the Voting Rights Act, allowing for states and jurisdictions with a history of voter suppression to enact restrictive voter ID laws.
23 states have created new obstacles to voting as of the 2018 election.